Round Canopies. Plantation Shutter Parts. Vinyl Canopies.
- (canopy) cover with a canopy
- Cover or provide with a canopy
- (canopy) the transparent covering of an aircraft cockpit
- (canopy) the umbrellalike part of a parachute that fills with air
- Alter (a number) to one less exact but more convenient for calculations
- Give a round shape to
- from beginning to end; throughout; "It rains all year round on Skye"; "frigid weather the year around"
- Pass and go around (something) so as to move on in a changed direction
- a charge of ammunition for a single shot
Round Church / Charola
The Romanesque round church is a Roman Catholic Church from the castle (charola, rotunda) was built in the second half of the 12th century by the Knights Templar. From the outside, the church is a 16-side polygonal structure, with strong buttresses, round windows and a bell-tower. Inside, the round church has a central, octagonal structure, connected by arches to a surrounding gallery (ambulatory). The general shape of the church is modelled after similar round structures in Jerusalem: the Mosque of Omar and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
The capitals of the columns are still Romanesque (end of 12th century) and depict vegetal and animal motifs, as well as a Daniel in the Lions' Den scene. The style of the capitals shows the influence of artists working on the Cathedral of Coimbra, which was being built at the same time as the round church.
The interior of the round church is magnificently decorated with late gothic/manueline sculpture and paintings, added during a renovation sponsored by King Manuel I starting in 1499. The pillars of the central octagon and the walls of the ambulatory have polychrome statues of saints and angels under exuberant Gothic canopies, while the walls and ceilings of the ambulatory are painted with Gothic patterns and panels depicting the life of Christ. The paintings are attributed to the workshop of the court painter of Manuel I, the Portuguese Jorge Afonso, while the sculptured decoration is attributed to Flemish sculptor Olivier de Gand and the Spaniard Hernan Munoz. A magnificent panel depicting the martyrdom of Saint Sebastian, by Portuguese painter Gregorio Lopes, was painted for the Round Church and now hangs in the National Museum of Ancient Art in Lisbon.
O nucleo do mosteiro e a Charola do seculo XII, o Oratorio dos Templarios. Tal como em muitos dos seus templos, baseia-se na Rotunda do Santo Sepulcro de Jerusalem, adaptada pelo Infante D. Henrique. Em 1356, Tomar passou a ser a sede da Ordem de Cristo em Portugal, e a decoracao da Charola reflecte a riqueza da Ordem. As pinturas e frescos (quase so cenas biblicas do seculo XVI) e a estatuaria dourada sob a cupula bizantina, foram cuidadosamente restauradas. Quando foi construida a igreja manuelina, esta ficou ligada a Charola por uma arcada.
A Charola, poligonal, e o centro do conjunto de edificacoes, culminando-as visualmente. A norte e a este estao a Sacristia, os claustros do Cemiterio e da Lavagem, as ruinas dos Pacos, as Enfermarias e ainda a Sala dos Cavaleiros e a Botica.
A oeste, a igreja, os claustros e as dependencias conventuais. A norte pontifica a Portaria Real, entre o corpo das Enfermarias e Hospedaria. A fachada sul esta realcada pela arcaria do Aqueduto dos Pegoes, apoiada numa plataforma rustica, que corresponde ao corpo do Claustro dos Corvos, Dormitorios e Claustro de D. Joao III.
No que diz respeito a planta da igreja, e composta por dois corpos diferentes: a Charola, actual capela-mor, e o corpo da nave, que se adapta ao desnivel do terreno para oeste, onde possui tres registos assentes num forte embasamento e marcados por frisos decorativos envolventes, com decoracao naturalista emblematica manuelina.
No interior, a nave e coberta por uma abobada polinervada de combados de Joao de Castilho.
Round-lobed Hepatica is a classic Spring Ephemeral; blooming before the forest canopy leafs out. It’s very closely related to Sharp-leaved Hepatica (H. acutiloba), which also occurs in Massachusetts and is told by its pointed three-lobed leaves. The two species have been known to hybridize. The genus name, Hepatica, refers to the leave’s resemblance to the liver. This resemblance led early herbalists to believe that the plant was helpful in aiding in ailments of the liver. This common association derives from the Doctrine of Signatures; an early philosophy in which it was felt that divinity was expressed through earthly resemblance. This doctrine found its strong footing in botany during the mid-14th century through the writings of the Swiss physician Paracelsus von Hohenheim who generally stated that plants that resemble body parts inherently aid those body parts. In reality, Hepatica leaves and flowers have shown medicinal properties as astringents, demulcents and diuretics. However, large doses are often poisonous.
Chris Buelow - 37 - 15 April 2005 - Moose Brook Preserve - Hardwick
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